Culturally and ethnically diverse, Nepal is populated by the descendants of migrations from India, Tibet and Burma. Kathmandu is the country’s capital and is the cultural and economic heart. Known as the ‘City of Temples’, Kathmandu is characterised by the ancient architecture associated with the predominant religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. A land of contrasts, Nepal is equally renowned for its physical beauty and for its endearing, culturally rich people. However, Nepal is also defined as the second poorest country in Asia with a high poverty rate, economic and political instability, and a lack of essential human recourses throughout much of the country.