Income sources, social change and future priorities


Dr Deborah Setterlund (NAFA Research Officer) Nghi Vuong (UQ Social Work Student)

Interviewers: Nghi Vuong and Kylie Gilbert

Interpreters: Ramita Shrestha; Sappa Lama; Pradip Tamang

Tawal village

NAFA has been assisting Tawal and surrounding remote villages with small scale development projects since 1998. In the last five years a conscious effort has been made to take a community development approach to providing this assistance. This means adopting ‘a planned effort to produce assets that increase the capacity of residents to improve their quality of life’ (Green and Haines, 207, p. vii. see Appendix one).


Nghi and Sappa interviewing

Community development involves working in partnership with groups and individuals across inter-related areas of health, education, infrastructure and training, and should aim to assist the community to operate more independently over time. However, in Nepal community self sufficiency is constrained by poor local economic conditions, poor national governance, global economic conditions impacting on essential items such as food and fuel prices, conflict, entrenched inequality and the capacity of donors to remain committed to adequately funding projects over time .



Despite these constraints, Tawal is a case study of NAFA’s best efforts to implement a community development approach to the small scale delivery of aid.

To read the complete report, click on Tawal Village Report March 2011